Climate Change

In this project we are highlighting the experiences of people whose lives are being affected by climate change.


Hello, I’m Zach Stafford for NPR’s Next Gen Radio in St. Louis. 

Emily Connor is a bird watcher, an environmental educator, and a frontline witness to the effects of climate change. She tries to bring people closer to their environment, so they can be empowered to take action. The threat of severe flooding is endangering the habitat at her bird sanctuary, and that’s making Emily’s work all the more urgent.

Navigating Rising Water: How One Educator is Tackling an Ever-Changing Environment

by | Sep 14, 2022

Emily Conner discusses birds and climate change

by Zachary Stafford | Next Generation Radio, St. Louis Public Radio | September 2022

Click here for audio transcript

On a breezy, sunny day in September, Emily Connor was doing her rounds at the Audubon Center at Riverlands and preparing her packed schedule as the Education Manager here when she saw a boy by the edge of a wetlands pond who seemed bothered by a wasp which, more than likely, was annoyed itself. 

“Did it sting you?” Connor asked him. “Almost! But it happened to [my sister].” the boy responded gleefully. 

 A small group of young students gathered around them, and Connor chatted with them about all the exploration they had been doing around this wildlife sanctuary’s 3,700 acres. More than 4,000 students visit this site every year for ecology lessons.

“That’s really where we can make the difference: empowering the next generation in an intentional way. Socially and emotionally. Not just pumping information into our curriculum in schools.” Connor said. Her hands-on teaching approach is evident everywhere. Her office is decorated with brightly colored butterflies and magnifying glasses. A large stream table sits in the main building, adorned with small houses and rivers flowing through it. A heart is drawn in the sand. 

This type of learning is ideal for a conservation educator like Connor because the Mississippi Flyway where she works is one of the most important migration routes for birds in North and South America. According to the St. Louis Audubon Society, almost 60% of song birds and 40% of waterfowl found in North America pass through the St. Louis area twice a year. It’s one of the reasons why Connor is an avid bird watcher as well. And her favorite bird is a regular here.

“It’s this really goofy looking shore bird that migrates from Mexico and chooses to hang out here in St. Louis.” She said of the American Avocet. “Whenever they’re feeding on macroinvertebrates, they kind of shake their head in a figure eight.”

However, climate change is threatening the habitat of many of the birds Connor teaches about. The American Avocet, for example, will lose 23% of their migrating range if warming temperatures stay on track to rise 3°C, or 5.4°F, by 2080. That is a relatively low percentage compared to more common local birds, like the Yellow-Throated Warbler and the Field Sparrow. At that same rate of warming, those birds are expected to lose over 90% of their migratory range.


Emily Connor sits on a rock while holding a pair of binoculars

Emily Connor, the Education Manager at the Audubon Center at Riverlands, on Monday, Sept. 12, 2022, in West Alton, Mo. Connor provides education for people who come on to the 3,700-acre site in West Alton, Mo.


Emily Connor looks through a pair of binoculars

Emily Connor, Education Manager at the Audubon Center at Riverlands, looks through her binoculars to try to identify a bird in a nearby tree on Monday, Sept. 12, 2022, in West Alton, Mo.


Besides warming temperatures, extreme weather and severe flooding also threaten the sanctuary in more immediate ways. For example, almost all of the 3,700-acre refuge was inundated in the 2019 floods of the Mississippi River.

“I love the ocean, but I know it shouldn’t be here in St. Louis. Right here in the middle of the Mississippi flyway. So it was absolutely shocking to me,” Connor said.

The months of flooding severely impacted the healthy ecosystem at the refuge, and it interrupted any hands-on learning at the center.

“All of the programming that we did was virtual and it was a big pet peeve of mine,” Connor said. 

So her team worked to adapt the lesson plans, creating learning kits to be dropped off at schools so students can continue exploring ecosystems in their backyards.

The adapted lesson plans may have paid off in the long term. Just this summer, St. Louis experienced torrential rains that led to even more record-setting flooding. In fact, over the last 10 years, St. Louis saw four of the 10 highest flood levels on record, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Emily Connor pulls back a leaf to expose a black, orange and white caterpillar

Emily Connor pulls a leaf back to expose a Swallowtail Caterpillar eating on Monday, Sept. 12, 2022, in West Alton, Mo. Connor warns that these furry caterpillars, although cute, should not be touch because they can sting you. ZACH STAFFORD/NEXTGENRADIO

Emily Connor pets a dog and points to a quote

Left: Emily Connor pets a dog that came into the Audubon Center at Riverlands on Monday, Sept. 12, 2022, in West Alton, Mo. The center is dog friendly. Right: Emily Connor points to her favorite quote from St. Louis Representative, Cori Bush. The quote reads “Environmental justice is housing justice. Environmental justice is health justice. Environmental justice is climate justice. Environmental justice is Indigenous justice. Environmental justice is racial justice.” ZACH STAFFORD/NEXTGENRADIO

The threat of frequent flooding, changing bird behavior and ecological loss give Connor the urgency to continue her life’s work, on or off the sanctuary. That’s because Connor believes that climate change can be mitigated “with one person. When you think about climate change, it’s such a broad problem to face. What is the solution? I think the solution really starts on the ground locally with your community.” 

Day by day, lesson by lesson, Connor remains optimistic about the future. “I like to look at the world as half full,” she said. “We need to have more people connected to nature and understand that we have a hand in this in order to make any changes.”

A boat sits on a flooded Mississippi River

Flooding in West Alton, Mo. in 2019. EMILY CONNER/NEXTGENRADIO